Yesterday Conor Friedersdorf of The Atlantic extended his critique of what he sees as “epistemic closure” among many conservatives, chastising them for having abandoned genuine engagement in order to shelter inside of their own institutions:
For decades, conservatives have complained about liberal control of academia and the media, often with good reason. Diversity of thought is essential for any institution intent on informing an audience. Students and news consumers deserve better than any information bubble can deliver. Urging these center-left institutions to diversify and guard against bias remains valid. But conservative complaints grow more hypocritical by the day when one looks at the institutions they’ve built….
Conservative journalists increasingly work at conservative publications. Conservative academics increasingly work at right-leaning think tanks or ideologically friendly university departments. Rather than improving epistemically closed institutions, conservatives are building their own. And they’re even less diverse than their allegedly defective mainstream analogues.
As I’ve written earlier in this occasional series on “epistemic closure,” I’m not part of the conservative (or progressive) movement, and so have a hard time judging the validity of Friedersdorf’s claim. Do you think that conservatives (or liberals) are increasingly prone to keeping company with the like-minded in separate institutions?
Given two of the examples he gives, I wonder if Friedersdorf wouldn’t assume that I’m one of those “conservative academics” working in an “ideologically friendly” university:
There is no longer a leftist monopoly in higher learning or media. The right has successfully built alternatives in both areas. Do these right-leaning entities strive for intellectual diversity? They do not. Fox News is more intellectually closed than CNN. Liberty University is more intellectually closed than New York University. It’s easy to see how this happened. At the start, right-leaning institutions saw themselves as scrappy correctives in fields so overwhelmingly liberal that conservatives couldn’t help but be exposed to analysis, opinions, and critiques different from their own.
There’s also a lucrative market for telling conservatives what they already believe. It’s now theoretically possible to go from evangelical homeschooling to a conservative college where debating abortion is verboten to a job at a conservative think tank, reached via a talk-radio-filled commute.
The fact that he included an evangelical university (rather than, say, Hillsdale College, or a conservative Catholic school like Christendom College) as his example of a right-leaning educational institution — and then treated an officially anti-abortion college populated by homeschooled evangelicals as a hypothetical way station on the journey to the Heritage Foundation — makes me wonder if Friedersdorf assumes that “evangelical college” = “conservative college.”
(In the case of Liberty University… Click Friedersdorf’s link and you’ll read about the school’s 2009 decision to take away official recognition from the school’s College Democrats club — so long as it was associated with the national Democratic Party. Check the current list of Liberty clubs and you’ll find that the College Democrats remain “unofficial,” but so do the College Republicans. Though groups like “Christian Conservatives” and anti-abortion and pro-Israel clubs do have official status. So does the “Huntin’ and Fishin’ Club,” which just makes me giggle a bit. Actually, Friedersdorf links to a post by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, which has criticized schools as conservative as Liberty and BYU and those as liberal as Bard College for limiting free expression on campus.)
Now, as I’ve written before, evangelical schools like those in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) do have the reputation for being politically conservative. According to College Prowler‘s system, twenty-two of the fifty most conservative colleges were members of the CCCU, and thirty-five of the top hundred (including my own employer). (Read my full post on this subject here.)
But as I noted in that post, the College Prowler rankings are based on student perceptions of fellow students. They don’t measure faculty opinions, or the diversity of ideas that students encounter in classes or on-campus events. To illustrate that some of its leading schools aren’t right-wing monoliths…
In 2005 President George W. Bush was invited to give the commencement address at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. That invitation prompted about Calvin professors to write a letter of protest that was endorsed by about a third of the school’s faculty. As reported by Christianity Today, “In addition to the Iraq war, the signatories fault Bush for burdening the poor, fostering intolerance, and harming creation. Another protest letter, signed by more than 800 students, alumni, faculty, and friends of the school, ran in Friday’s Press. That note calls on Bush to ‘repudiate the false claims of supporters who say that those who oppose your policies are the enemies of religion.’ Many letter signers plan to wear ‘God Is Not a Republican or a Democrat’ pins during the commencement ceremony.” (One of the chief movers behind the “God Is Not a Republican… or a Democrat” movement was a Bethel University alum.)
Three years later, another leading CCCU liberal arts college, Messiah College of Grantham, Pennsylvania, hosted the two frontrunners in the race for the Democratic nomination for president: Senators Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama. Sen. John McCain, the Republican nominee, declined an invitation to what was meant to be a bipartisan event “dedicated to discussing pressing moral issues that bridge ideological divides within our nation.”
And here in Arden Hills, Minnesota, 2012 has seen Bethel University host everything from a Ron Paul rally to a discussion of Christian engagement in Israel and Palestine to yesterday’s chapel talk by Native American activist Richard Twiss. In my Modern Europe class next week, students will encounter Victorian atheists and evangelicals, Charles Darwin and Emile Durkheim, British suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst, V.I. Lenin (whose Communist regime Pankhurst later condemned after she joined the Conservative Party), and French anarchists. All with an eye to “imaginatively understanding” people quite other than ourselves.
As for faculty political views… The CT article on Calvin quoted a 2001 survey: 28% identified as conservative, 24% as liberal, and 48% as moderate (or checked “Don’t know”). That seems about right for Bethel University as well. Despite its College Prowler rank as having the country’s 52nd most conservative student body (Calvin is #154), my impression is that our faculty has a relatively equal mix of conservatives, moderates, and liberals (probably not one-third of each, but not too far from that), and even the occasional libertarian or democratic socialist adding zest to the mix. I feel like I’ve heard as many complaints from conservative professors about the lack of right-wing speakers on campus as vice-versa, but I’d also say that most of us are not all that politically partisan and that our students probably aren’t all that certain of how we vote.
But that’s purely anecdotal; I can’t find a Bethel survey, or one of the larger CCCU. And it might be my own wishful thinking: I hope it’s clear that I view political diversity as a distinct advantage in a liberal arts institution, but that might color my judgment.
For those of you who work at or have attended evangelical colleges… What was your impression of the political culture on campus? Are such schools examples of Friedersdorf’s “epistemically closed institutions” that are “even less diverse than their allegedly defective mainstream analogues”?